is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Sibiu is a county (judet) of Romania, in the historical
region Transylvania, with the capital city Sibiu.
In 2002, it had a population of 421,724 and the population density
At the 2002 census the county has the following
Romanians - 90,6% (or 382,061)
Hungarians - 3,6% (or 15,344)
Romas - 4,1% (or 17,125)
Germans - 1,6% (or 6,554)
Other - 0,1% (or 640)
Orthodox - 88,9%
Greek catholics - 2,3%
Reformed - 2,0%
Catholics - 1,5%
Pentecostals - 1,1%
Other - 3,3%
Urbanisation - 5th most urbanised county in Romania:
City dwellers: 277,574 (or 65,8%)
Village dwelers: 144,150 (or 34,2%)
Traditionally, the biggest minority in the county were Germans,
but their numbers have decreased in recent history.
The south side of the county, closer to
the mountains was mainly inhabited by Romanians (Marginimea Sibiului),
and the north side of the country - the Transylvanian Plateau was
inhabited evenly by Germans and Romanians, but most Saxon villages
are now deserted. The Roma population, mainly from southern Romania
was placed close to the villages in the communist period and have
since increased their numbers.
Year County population
This county has a total area of 5,432 km².
In the South side there are the Carpathian Mountains
(Southern Carpathians) - Fagaras Mountains with heights over 2500
m, Lotru and Cindrel which make up to 30% of the county's surface.
The Olt River crosses the mountains over to the South of Romania
in Sibiu County forming one of the most accessible link between
Transylvania and Wallachia. In the North side there is the Transylvanian
The most important rivers crossing the county
are the Olt River in the South with Cibin its main affluent, and
the Târnava River in the North.
- Brasov County in the East.
- Alba County in the West.
- Mures County in the North.
- Vâlcea County in the South.
- Arges County in the South-East.
Sibiu County has one of the most dynamical economies
in Romania, being one of the regions with the highest level of foreign
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Machine and automotive components.
- Food industry.
- Textile industry.
- Wood industry.
- The biggest natural resource in the county
is natural gas, especially in the north side, having one of the
largest sources in the country.
In Copsa Mica during the communist period
there were two chemical industrial complexes which polluted the
environment heavily with carbon black, heavy metals and other chemical
substances. That's why the area is still considered one of the most
polluted communities in Europe. Fortunately, after 1989 many of
the industrial complexes were shut down and the area is slowly recovering.
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
- The city of Sibiu with its medieval fortifications
and its historic centre.
- The medieval city of Medias.
- The medieval Saxon fortified churches
and villages from Transylvania, some of them being UNESCO World
- Valea Viilor.
- The abbey of Cârta
- The Fagaras Mountains.
- The Bâlea Valley and the Transfagarasan.
- The Negoiu Peak.
- Paltinis mountain resort and the Cindrel
- Ocna Sibiului, Bazna and Miercurea Sibiului
- The Marginimea Sibiului rural area.
The county has 2 municipalities, 9 towns and 53 communes
- Sibiu - capital city; population: 170,038
- Copsa Mica
- Miercurea Sibiului
- Ocna Sibiului
- Apoldu de Jos
- Arpasu de Jos
- Axente Sever
- Dealu Frumos
- Gura Râului
- Poiana Sibiului
- Porumbacu de Jos
- Râu Sadului
- Seica Mare
- Seica Mica
- Sura Mare
- Sura Mica
- Turnu Rosu
- Valea Viilor