is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Satu Mare County
Satu Mare County is a county (judet) of Romania.
The capital city is Satu Mare. Besides Romanians (58.8% of the population),
Satu Mare features a significant ethnic minority of Hungarians (35.2%).
In 2002, it had a population of 367,281 and the population density
was 83/km². 
Romanians - 58.8%
Hungarians - 35.2%
Romas - 3.7%
Germans - 1.7%
Rusyns, Ukrainians, Slovaks, other
Hungarians are mostly inhabiting the localities
along the border with Hungary, they are also distributed throughout
This county has a total area of 4,418 km².
In the north there are the Oas Mountains, members
of the Eastern Carpathians group. This makes up around 17% of the
surface. The rest consists of hills - 20% of the surface - and plains.
The Western part of the county is the Eastern part of the Pannonian
The county is crossed by the Somes River and also
Tur River and Crasna River.
The county lies partly in the historical
region of Maramures and partly in the historical region of Crisana.
- Maramures County in the East.
- Hungary in the West - Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg
- Ukraine in the North - Zakarpattia Oblast.
- Bihor County and Salaj County in the South.
Satu Mare County benefits from its position, close
to the border of Romania with Hungary and Ukraine, and it's one
of the places which attracts major foreign investment in industry
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Textiles industry.
- Machine and automotive components.
- Food industry.
- Wood and furniture industry.
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
- The "Oas Country" on the North Eastern
side of the county - strong Romanian folk traditions.
- The Oas Mountains.
- The cities of Satu Mare and Carei.
- Tasnad Resort.
- The fortifications from Ardud and Mediesu Aurit
The county has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 56 communes.