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Romania is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit. Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean), responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed by the central government but cannot be a member of any political party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:

Arges
Timis
Tulcea
Vaslui
Vâlcea
Vrancea
 
Caras-Severin
Salaj

Alongside the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union, but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes. The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them greater administrative power over local affairs.

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Salaj County

Salaj is a county (judet) of Romania, in the historical region Transylvania, with the capital city at Zalau.

Demographics

In 2002, it had a population of 248,015 and the population density was 64/km².

Romanians - 71.23%
Hungarians - 23.04%
Roma - 5.05%
Slovaks - 0.55%
Other or undeclared ethnicity - 0.13%


Year County population
1948 262,580
1956 271,989
1966 263,103
1977 264,569
1992 266,797
2002 248,015

Geography

This county has a total area of 3,864 km².

It lies in the area between the Apuseni Mountains and the Eastern Carpathians known as the Somes River Platform. The county is crossed by the Somes River. Some of the smaller rivers are: Crasna, Barcau, Almas, Agrij and Salaj.

Neighbours

  • Bihor County to the west.
  • Maramures County and Satu Mare County to the north.
  • Cluj County to the south and east.

Economy

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Machine and automotive components
  • Food
  • Textiles
  • Wood, furniture and paper



Tourism


The main tourist attractions in the county are:

  • Museums in Zalau and Simleu Silvaniei.
  • Wooden churches in Fildu de Sus, Sânmihaiu Almasului, Baica, Racâs.
  • Castles in Jibou and Simleu Silvaniei.

Administrative divisions

The county has one municipality, 3 towns and 56 communes.

Municipalities

  • Zalau - capital city; population: 71,580

Towns

  • Cehu Silvaniei
  • Jibou
  • Sarmasag
  • Simleu Silvaniei

Communes

  • Agrij
  • Almasu
  • Babeni
  • Balan
  • Banisor
  • Benesat
  • Bobota
  • Bocsa
  • Boghis
  • Buciumi
  • Camar
  • Carastelec
  • Chiesd
  • Cizer
  • Coseiu
  • Crasna
  • Creaca
  • Criseni
  • Cristolt
  • Cuzaplac
  • Dobrin
  • Dragu
  • Fildu de Jos
  • Gâlgau
  • Gârbou Halmasd
  • Hereclean
  • Hida
  • Horoatu Crasnei
  • Ileanda
  • Ip
  • Letca
  • Lozna
  • Maeriste
  • Marca
  • Mesesenii de Jos
  • Mirsid
  • Napradea
  • Nusfalau
  • Pericei
  • Plopis
  • Poiana Blenchii
  • Românasi
  • Rus
  • Salatig
  • Sâg
  • Sânmihaiu Almasului
  • Somes-Odorhei
  • Surduc
  • Samsud
  • Sarmasag
  • Simisna
  • Treznea Ugrutiu
  • Valcau de Jos
  • Vârsolt
  • Zalha
  • Zauan
  • Zimbor

Villages

  • Poarta Salajului
  • Preoteasa