is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Prahova is a county (judet) of Romania, in the
historical region Muntenia, with the capital city at Ploiesti.
In 2002, it had a population of 829,945 and the population density
was 176/km². It is Romania's most populated county, having
a population density double than the country's mean. However, it
seems that it was surpassed in 2006 by Iasi County in terms of population.
Romanians - 97.74%
Year County population
This county has a total area of 4,716 km².
The relief is split in approximately equal parts
between the mountains, the hills and the plain. In the North side
there are mountains from the southern end of the Eastern Carpathians
- the Curved Carpathians group; and the Bucegi Mountains the Eastern
end of the Southern Carpathians group. The two groups are separated
by the Prahova River Valley.
The South side of the county is a plain, on the
North West side of the Romanian Plain.
The main river is the river that names the
county - the Prahova River. It flows from the mountains, through
the Prahova Valley collecting many other rivers - the Doftana River,
the Teleajen River and others.
- Buzau County in the East.
- Dâmbovita County in the West.
- Brasov County in the North.
- Ialomita County and Ilfov County in the South.
The area contains the main oil reserves in Romania
having a long tradition in extracting and refining the oil. The
county is heavily industrialised, more than 115,000 people being
involved in an industrial activity. It realises over 8% of the country's
industrial production. Some of the biggest international corporations
like Coca Cola, Unilever, Interbrew, Michelin, Timken and others
have invested heavily in the recent years.
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Oil industry - almost 50% of the county's industrial
- Oil extracting equipment.
- Chemical industry.
- Rubber industry.
- Mechanical components industry.
- Food and beverages industry.
- Textile industry.
Agriculture is also developed - in the southern part mainly extensive
agriculture and the hills area is well suited for wines and fruit
orchards. In total it realises about 3% of the country's agricultural
The Prahova Valley is one of the areas with
the highest tourist potential in the country having one of the best
tourism facilities in Romania.
The main tourist destinations are:
- On the Prahova valley:
- The Sinaia Resort.
- The Busteni Resort.
- The Azuga Resort.
- The Bucegi Mountains.
- On the Teleajen River Valley:
- The Valenii de Munte Resort.
- The Zaganul Mountains
- The Ciucas Mountains.
- On the Doftana River Valley:
- The Teleaga Resort.
- Valea Doftanei.
- The Gârbova Mountains.
- The city of Ploiesti.
The county has 2 municipalities, 12 towns and 89 communes.
- Ploiesti - capital city; population: 253,068
- Sinaia Slanic
- Valenii de Munte
- Aricestii Rahtivani
- Aricestii Zeletin
- Baba Ana Balta Doamnei
- Cocorastii Mislii
- Cocorastii Colt
- Filipestii de Padure
- Filipestii de Târg
- Gura Vadului
- Gura Vitioarei
- Podenii Noi
- Poiana Câmpina
- Poienarii Burchii
- Provita de Jos
- Provita de Sus
- Puchenii Mari
- Târgsoru Vechi
- Vadu Sapat
- Valea Calugareasca
- Valea Doftanei