is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Olt is a county (judet) of Romania, in the historical
regions of Oltenia and Muntenia (both regions are separated by the
Olt river), with the capital city at Slatina.
In 2002, it had a population of 489,274 and the population density
Romanians - 98.06%
Romas - 1.86%, and other.
Year County population
The county is a mainly rural one, over 60%
of the population living in villages.
This county has a total area of 5,498 km².
The county lies in a flat area, the Western
part of the Romanian Plain crossed by rivers from North to South,
the main one - the Olt River giving the county's name. The Danube
forms a wide valley in the South, with lots of ponds and small channels,
flooded from time to time.
- Teleorman County in the East.
- Dolj County in the West.
- Arges County and Vâlcea County in the
- Bulgaria in the South - Pleven Province.
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Metallurgy - aluminium and aluminium components.
- Railway equipment.
- Food and beverages industry.
- Textile industry.
- Mechanical components industry.
Agriculture is the main occupation in the
county - over 58% of the population having agriculture as their
main occupation. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale, vegetables
and fruits, are practiced. The area is well suited for irrigations.
The main turistical destinations are:
- The city of Slatina.
- Fishing on the Danube and on the Olt River.
- City of Corabia with an ancient roman citadelle,
large orthodoxe cathedral, Danube sunbathes, sailing and fishing.
- The town of Scornicesti - the birthplace
of Nicolae Ceausescu.
The county has 2 municipalities, 6 towns and 93 communes.
- Slatina - capital city; population: 87,608
- Piatra Olt
- Gura Padinii
- Iancu Jianu
- Nicolae Titulescu
- Osica de Sus
- Osica de Jos
- Stefan cel Mare
- Tia Mare
- Valea Mare
- Visina Noua