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Romania is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit. Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean), responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed by the central government but cannot be a member of any political party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:

Arges
Timis
Tulcea
Vaslui
Vâlcea
Olt
Vrancea
 
Caras-Severin

Alongside the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union, but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes. The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them greater administrative power over local affairs.

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Olt County

Olt is a county (judet) of Romania, in the historical regions of Oltenia and Muntenia (both regions are separated by the Olt river), with the capital city at Slatina.

Demographics

In 2002, it had a population of 489,274 and the population density was 89/km².

Romanians - 98.06%
Romas - 1.86%, and other.

Year County population
1948 442,442
1956 458,982
1966 476,513
1977 518,804
1992 523,291
2002 489,274

The county is a mainly rural one, over 60% of the population living in villages.

Geography

This county has a total area of 5,498 km².

The county lies in a flat area, the Western part of the Romanian Plain crossed by rivers from North to South, the main one - the Olt River giving the county's name. The Danube forms a wide valley in the South, with lots of ponds and small channels, flooded from time to time.

Neighbours

  • Teleorman County in the East.
  • Dolj County in the West.
  • Arges County and Vâlcea County in the North.
  • Bulgaria in the South - Pleven Province.

Economy

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Metallurgy - aluminium and aluminium components.
  • Railway equipment.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county - over 58% of the population having agriculture as their main occupation. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale, vegetables and fruits, are practiced. The area is well suited for irrigations.

Tourism


The main turistical destinations are:

  • The city of Slatina.
  • Fishing on the Danube and on the Olt River.
  • City of Corabia with an ancient roman citadelle, large orthodoxe cathedral, Danube sunbathes, sailing and fishing.
  • The town of Scornicesti - the birthplace of Nicolae Ceausescu.

Administrative divisions

The county has 2 municipalities, 6 towns and 93 communes.

Municipalities

  • Slatina - capital city; population: 87,608
  • Caracal

Towns

  • Bals
  • Corabia
  • Draganesti
  • Piatra Olt
  • Potcoava
  • Scornicesti

Communes

  • Babiciu
  • Baldovinesti
  • Balteni
  • Barasti
  • Bârza
  • Bobicesti
  • Brâncoveni
  • Brastavatu
  • Brebeni
  • Bucinisu
  • Cârlogani
  • Calui
  • Cezieni
  • Cilieni
  • Colonesti
  • Corbu
  • Coteana
  • Crâmpoia
  • Cungrea
  • Curtisoara
  • Daneasa
  • Deveselu
  • Dobretu
  • Dobrosloveni
  • Dobroteasa
  • Dobrun
  • Draghiceni
  • Fagetelu
  • Falcoiu
  • Farcasele
  • Ganeasa
  • Gavanesti
  • Gârcov
  • Giuvarasti
  • Ghimpeteni
  • Gostavatu
  • Gradinari
  • Gradinile
  • Grojdibodu
  • Gura Padinii
  • Ianca
  • Iancu Jianu
  • Icoana
  • Ipotesti
  • Izbiceni
  • Izvoarele
  • Leleasca
  • Maruntei
  • Mihaesti
  • Milcov
  • Morunglav
  • Movileni
  • Nicolae Titulescu
  • Obârsia
  • Oboga
  • Oporelu
  • Optasi-Magura
  • Orlea
  • Osica de Sus
  • Osica de Jos
  • Pârscoveni
  • Perieti
  • Plesoiu
  • Poboru
  • Priseaca
  • Radomiresti
  • Redea
  • Rotunda
  • Rusanesti
  • Sâmburesti
  • Scarisoara
  • Schitu
  • Seaca
  • Serbanesti
  • Slatioara
  • Spineni
  • Sprâncenata
  • Stefan cel Mare
  • Stoenesti
  • Stoicanesti
  • Strejesti
  • Studina
  • Tatulesti
  • Teslui
  • Tia Mare
  • Topana
  • Traian
  • Tufeni
  • Urzica
  • Vadastra
  • Vadastrita
  • Vâlcele
  • Valea Mare
  • Valeni
  • Verguleasa
  • Visina
  • Visina Noua
  • Vitomiresti
  • Vladila
  • Voineasa
  • Vulpeni
  • Vulturesti

Villages

  • Dobrosloveni
  • Titulesti