is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Neamt is a county (judet) of Romania, in the historic
region Moldavia region, with the county seat at Piatra Neamt.
In 2002, it had a population of 557,000 and a population density
Romanians - 98.66%
Hungarians - 0.05%
Rromas - 1.08
Lipovans - 0.07%, and others
Year County population
This county has an area of 5,896 km².
The relief decreases from west to east. In the
western part, there are mountains, the Eastern Carpathians, with
heights over 1800 m and the impressive peak of Mount Ceahlau. Along
the Bicaz River lies the stunning canyon of Cheile Bicazului. Construction
of the Bicaz Dam in the 1950s on the Bistrita River led to the formation
of the Lake Bicaz (Izvorul Muntelui Lake), Romania's largest artificial
On the western side, the lowest point, at
about 160 m, is found along Siret River's valley.
- Iasi County and Vaslui County in the East.
- Harghita County in the West.
- Suceava County in the North.
- Bacau County in the South.
County's main industries:
- Chemical industry;
- Mechanical parts;
- Food stuffs;
- Construction materials.
One of the greatest dams in Romania, the
Bicaz Dam is built along the Bistrita River, forming the Bicaz Lake;
the water of the lake is used for electricity production at Stejaru
Neamt county is known as the region with the most
monasteries to be found per square kilometer in the world. The monumental
church of Neamt Monastery has been a model for Moldavian churches
and monasteries. The Moldavian art style, of great originality and
stylistic unity, was developed by blending Gothic elements with
Byzantine motifs. There are lots of cultural and historical landmarks
in Neamt County. County's main tourist attractions:
- The city of Piatra Neamt, with its medieval
- The city of Roman
- The Monasteries of Neamt County:
- Agapia Monastery
- Bistrita Monastery
- Durau Monastery
- Horaita Monastery
- Neamt Monastery
- Pângarati Monastery
- Petru Voda Monastery
- Secu Monastery
- Sihastria Monastery
- Sihla Monastery
- Varatec Monastery
- Neamt Citadel in Târgu Neamt
- Ceahlau National Park
- Bicaz Canyon - "Cheile Bicazului"
- Durau Ski Resort
- Hanu Ancutei
The county has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 76 communes.
- Piatra Neamt - capital city; population: 125,050
- Alexandru cel Bun
- Bicazu Ardelean
- Dumbrava Rosie
- Ion Creanga
- Piatra Soimului
- Poiana Teiului
- Raucesti Razboieni
- Români Ruginoasa
- Stefan cel Mare
- Tasca Tazlau
- Valea Ursului
- Gheorghe Cartianu, professor, engineer
- Sergiu Celibidache, conductor
- Vasile Conta, philosopher
- Ion Creanga, writer
- Virgil Gheorghiu, writer
- Constantin Matasa, archaeologist
- Nicodim Munteanu, patriach
- Mihai Traistariu, singer
- Vasile Traistariu, painter