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Romania is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit. Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean), responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed by the central government but cannot be a member of any political party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:

Arges
Timis
Tulcea
Mures
Vaslui
Vâlcea
Vrancea
 
Caras-Severin

Alongside the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union, but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes. The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them greater administrative power over local affairs.

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Mures County

Mures is a county (judet) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the capital city at Târgu Mures.

Demographics

In 2002, Mures had a population of 580,851 and the population density was 86.5/km².

Romanians - 53.26% (or 309,375)
Hungarians - 39.3% (or 228,275);
Romas - 6.95% (or 40,425) (the highest percentage of any Romanian county)
Germans - 0.35% (or 2,045), and other.

In terms of religion:

Romanian Orthodox - 53.3%
Reformed Church - 27%
Roman Catholic Church - 9.5%
Atheist, Non-religious or did not declare a religion - 0.5% (or 2,770)

Year County population
1948 461,403
1956 513,261
1966 561,598
1977 605,345
1992 610,053
2002 580,851

Geography

This county has a total area of 6,714 km².

The northeastern side of the county consists of the "Calimani - Gurghiu Mountains" and the sub-Carpathian hills, members of the Inner Eastern Carpathians. The rest of the county is part of the Transylvanian Plateau, with deep but wide valleys.

The main river crossing the county is the Mures River. The Târnava Mare and the Târnava Mica, tributaries of the Mures River, also cross the county.

Neighbours

  • Harghita County in the East.
  • Alba County and Cluj County in the West.
  • Bistrita-Nasaud County and Suceava County in the North.
  • Sibiu County and Brasov County in the South.

Economy

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Wood industry.
  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Glass and ceramics industry.
  • Construction materials.
  • Musical instruments (Reghin).

Mures County and Sibiu County together produce about 50% of the natural gas developed in Romania. Salt is also extracted in the county.


Tourism

The main tourist attractions in the county are:

  • The medieval city of Sighisoara.
  • The old city of Târgu Mures.
  • Sovata Resort.
  • Calimani - Gurghiu Mountains.
  • The city of Reghin

Administrative divisions

The county has 5 municipalities, 7 towns and 91 communes. (Hungarian names in parentheses)

Municipalities

  • Târgu Mures (Marosvásárhely)
  • Sighisoara (Segesvár)
  • Reghin (Szászrégen)
  • Târnaveni (Dicsoszentmárton)

Towns

  • Iernut (Radnót)
  • Ludus (Marosludas)
  • Sovata (Szováta)
  • Miercurea Nirajului (Nyárádszereda)
  • Sarmasu (Nagysármás)
  • Sângeorgiu de Padure (Erdoszentgyörgy)
  • Ungheni (Nyárádto)

Communes

  • Acatari
  • Adamus
  • Albesti
  • Alunis
  • Apold
  • Atintis
  • Bahnea
  • Band
  • Batos
  • Bagaciu
  • Bala
  • Balauseri
  • Beica de Jos
  • Bereni
  • Bichis
  • Bogata
  • Brâncovenesti
  • Breaza
  • Ceuasu de Câmpie
  • Chetani
  • Chibed
  • Chiheru de Jos
  • Coroisânmartin
  • Corunca
  • Cozma
  • Craciunesti
  • Cucerdea
  • Craiesti
  • Cristesti
  • Cuci
  • Danes
  • Deda
  • Eremitu
  • Ernei
  • Fântânele
  • Faragau
  • Galesti
  • Ganesti
  • Gheorghe Doja
  • Ghindari
  • Glodeni
  • Gornesti
  • Grebenisu de Câmpie
  • Gurghiu
  • Hodac
  • Hodosa
  • Ibanesti
  • Iclanzel
  • Ideciu de Jos
  • Livezeni
  • Lunca
  • Lunca Bradului
  • Madaras
  • Magherani
  • Mica
  • Mihesu de Câmpie
  • Nades
  • Neaua
  • Ogra
  • Papiu Ilarian
  • Panet
  • Pasareni
  • Petelea Pogaceaua
  • Râciu
  • Rastolita
  • Rusii-Munti
  • Sâncraiu de Mures
  • Sângeorgiu de Mures
  • Sânger
  • Sânpaul
  • Sânpetru de Câmpie
  • Sântana de Mures
  • Sarateni
  • Saschiz
  • Solovastru
  • Stânceni
  • Suplac
  • Suseni
  • Saulia
  • Sincai
  • Taureni
  • Valea Larga
  • Vânatori
  • Vargata
  • Vatava
  • Vetca
  • Viisoara
  • Voivodeni
  • Zagar
  • Zau de Câmpie