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Romania is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit. Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean), responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed by the central government but cannot be a member of any political party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:

Ialomita
Arges
Timis
Tulcea
Vaslui
Vâlcea
Vrancea
 
Caras-Severin

Alongside the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union, but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes. The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them greater administrative power over local affairs.

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Iasi County

Iasi is a county (judet) of Romania, in Moldavia, with the capital city at Iasi. Iasi is named after the ancient Iazygi people who once lived there.

Demographics

At the July 1, 2006, Iasi County had a population of 824,083, making it the second most populous county in Romania after Bucharest, with a population density of 150/km².

Romanians - 98%
Roma communities.

The population of Iasi county has nearly doubled over the past sixty years.

Year County population
1948 431,586
1956 516,635
1966 619,027
1977 729,243
1992 811,342
2002 816,910

Geography

This county has a total area of 5,476 km².

The county lies on a plain between the Siret River and the Prut River. Also the Bahlui river (the city of Iasi lies on its banks) and Jijia River crosses the county.

Neighbours

  • Republic of Moldova to the east - Ungheni raion.
  • Neamt County to the west.
  • Botosani County and Suceava County to the northwest.
  • Vaslui County to the south.

Economy

Due to the relief, the county is a predominant agricultural one. The industry is concentrated only in the cities.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Software industry.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Pharmaceutical industry.
  • Metallurgy and heavy equipment industry.
  • Textile idustry.
  • Food industry.


Tourism

The city of Iasi is the most important city in Moldavia and one of the most important cultural centers in Romania. It has the oldest University (1860) in the country, and until the formation of Romania in 1859 it had the same importance as Bucharest.

The main tourist destinations in the county are:

  • The city of Iasi.
    - The Palace of Culture.
    - The "Trei Ierarhi" Orthodox Cathedral.
    - The Copou hill.
    - The Metropolitan Cathedral.
  • The Ruginoasa Palace.
  • The towns of Pascani, Târgu Frumos and Hârlau.

Administrative divisions

The county has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 92 communes.

Municipalities

  • Iasi - capital city; population: 320,888
  • Pascani

Towns

  • Târgu Frumos
  • Hârlau
  • Podu Iloaiei

Communes

  • Alexandru Ioan Cuza
  • Andrieseni
  • Aroneanu
  • Baltati
  • Bârnova
  • Belcesti
  • Bivolari
  • Bosia
  • Braesti
  • Bals
  • Butea
  • Ceplenita
  • Ciortesti
  • Ciurea
  • Coarnele Caprei
  • Comarna
  • Costesti
  • Costuleni
  • Cotnari
  • Cozmesti
  • Cristesti
  • Cucuteni
  • Dagâta
  • Deleni
  • Dobrovat
  • Dolhesti
  • Draguseni
  • Dumesti
  • Erbiceni
  • Fântânele
  • Focuri
  • Golaiesti
  • Gorban
  • Grajduri
  • Gropnita
  • Grozesti
  • Halaucesti
  • Harmanesti
  • Helesteni
  • Holboca
  • Horlesti
  • Ion Neculce
  • Ipatele
  • Lespezi
  • Letcani
  • Lungani
  • Madârjac
  • Mircesti
  • Mironeasa
  • Miroslava
  • Miroslovesti
  • Mogosesti-Siret
  • Mogosesti-Iasi
  • Mosna
  • Motca
  • Movileni
  • Oteleni
  • Plugari
  • Popesti
  • Popricani
  • Prisacani
  • Probota
  • Rachiteni
  • Raducaneni
  • Românesti
  • Roscani
  • Ruginoasa
  • Scânteia
  • Scheia
  • Schitu Duca
  • Scobinti
  • Sinesti
  • Sipote
  • Siretel
  • Stolniceni-Prajescu
  • Strunga
  • Tansa
  • Tatarusi
  • Tibana
  • Tibanesti
  • Tiganasi
  • Todiresti
  • Tomesti
  • Trifesti
  • Tutora
  • Valea Lupului
  • Valea Seaca
  • Vânatori
  • Victoria
  • Vladeni
  • Voinesti