is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Hunedoara is a county (Judet) of Romania, in Transylvania,
with its capital city at Deva.
In 2002, it had a population of 485,712 and the population density
Romanians - 92%
Hungarians - 5%
Romas - 2%
Germans under 1%.
On the Jiu River valley, a mining region, due to the high industrialisation
of the region a lot of peoples have been brought from other regions
Year County population
This county has a total area of 7,063 km².
Mainly, the relief is made up of mountains, divided
by the Mures River valley which crosses the county from East to
West. To the North side there are the Apuseni Mountains and to the
South side there are mountains from the Southern Carpathians group,
Parâng Mountains group and Retezat-Godeanu Mountains group:
Orastie and Surianu Mountains (South-East), Retezat Mountains (South),
Poiana Ruscai Mountains (South-West).
Except from Mures River with its affluents Strei,
Rau Mare and Cerna, which forms wide valleys, in the North side
Crisul Alb river also forms a valley in the Apuseni Mountains -
Zarand region. In the South side along the Jiu River with its two
branches West Jiu and East Jiu, there is a large depression, and
an accessible route towards Southern Romania - Oltenia.
- Alba County in the East and North.
- Arad County, Timis County and Caras-Severin
County in the West.
- Gorj County in the South.
The industry in the Hunedoara county is linked
with the mining activity in the region. In the mountains, from ancient
times, metals and coal have been exploited. Nowadays, there is one
large industrial complex at Hunedoara owned by Mittal Steel . Also
energy related enterprises are located in the county - one of the
biggest thermoelectric plant is located at Mintia.
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Construction materials.
- Textile industry.
- Mining equipment.
- Food industry.
In the 1990s, a large amount of mines were closed down, leaving
Hunedoara county with the highest unemployment rate in Romania,
of 9.6%, in comparison to the national average of 5.5%.
Retezat National Park and other picturesque regions
makes it one of the most beautiful counties in Romania. Also there
can be found Dacians and Romans complexes in the Orastie Mountains
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
- The Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie
Mountains - nowadays part of UNESCO World Heritage.
- Colonia Augusta Ulpia Traiana Dacica
Sarmizegetusa - the capital of the Roman province of Dacia.
- The medieval edifices of Densus, Deva,
Hunedoara, Santamaria-Orlea, Strei.
The Medieval Castle from Hunedoara
The county has 7 municipalities, 7 towns and 55 communes.
- Deva - capital city; population: 77,259
- Baia de Cris
- Bretea Româna
- Bulzestii de Sus
- Certeju de Sus
- General Berthelot
- Lapugiu de Jos
- Lunca Cernii de Jos
- Luncoiu de Jos
- Orastioara de Sus
- Pestisu Mic
- Rapoltu Mare
- Râu de Mori
- Salasu de Sus
- Teliucu Inferior
- Vata de Jos