is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Gorj is a county (judet) of Romania, in Oltenia,
with the capital city at Târgu Jiu.
In 2002, it had a population of 387,308 and the population density
Romanians - over 98%
This county has a total area of 5,602 km².
The North side of the county consists of various
mountains from the Southern Carpathians group. In the West there
are the Vulcanului Mountains, and in the East there are the Parâng
Mountains and the Negoveanu Mountains. The two groups are splited
by the Jiu River.
To the South, the heights decrease through the
hills to a high plain at the Western end of the Romanian Plain.
The main river, which collects all the smaller
rivers, is the Jiu River.
- Vâlcea County in the East.
- Mehedinti County and Caras-Severin County in
- Hunedoara County in the North.
- Dolj County in the South.
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Mining equipment industry.
- Food and beverages industry.
- Textile industry.
- Mechanical components industry.
- Glass industry.
- Wood industry.
In the North of the county coal is extracted,
near Motru and Rovinari. There are two big thermo electrical power
plants at Rovinari and Turceni, and some hydro-electrical power
plants. The county is the biggest electricity producer in Romania
with 36% af the country's electricity.
Due to the decrease in mining activity the
county has one of the greatest unemployement levels in the country.
The main tourist destinations are:
- The city and the area around Târgu Jiu:
- The Brâncusi monuments.
- The Tismana Monastery.
- The Parâng Mountains.
- The Polovragi Monastery.
The county has 2 municipalities, 6 towns and 62 communes.
- Târgu Jiu - capital city; population:
over 100,000 in 2004.
- Târgu Carbunesti
- Baia de Fier
- Rosia de Amaradia