is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Giurgiu is a county (judet) of Romania, in Muntenia,
with the capital city at Giurgiu.
In 2002, it had a population of 297,859 and the population density
Romanians - over 96%
Roma - 3.5%, and others.
This county has a total area of 3,526 km².
The county is situated on a plain - the Southern
part of the Romanian Plain. The landscape is flat, crossed by small
rivers. The southern part is the valley of the Danube which forms
the border with Bulgaria. In the North, the Arges River and Dâmbovita
- Calarasi County in the East.
- Teleorman County in the West.
- Ilfov County and Dâmbovita County in
- Bulgaria in the South - Ruse Province.
The county has two big areas of development: one
close to the city of Giurgiu - The Free Trade Zone Giurgiu, and
one in the North of the county due to its proximity with Bucharest.
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Food and beverages industry.
- Textile industry.
- Chemical industry.
- Wood and furniture industry.
- Mechanical components industry.
Agriculture is the main occupation in the
county. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale - for Bucharest
markets, is practiced. 59% of the cultivated surface is irrigated.
The county recently became famous for its lautari, especially the
group Taraful Haiducilor.
The main tourist destinations are:
- The city of Giurgiu.
- Fishing along the Danube.
- The Calugareni area.
The county has one municipality, 3 towns and 51 communes.
- Giurgiu - capital city; population: 73,260
- Dealu, Giurgiu
- Crevedia Mare
- Letca Noua
- Mihai Bravu
- Roata de Jos
- Valea Dragului
- Vânatorii Mici