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Romania is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit. Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean), responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed by the central government but cannot be a member of any political party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:

Arges
Timis
Tulcea
Vaslui
Galati
Vâlcea
Vrancea
 
Caras-Severin

Alongside the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union, but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes. The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them greater administrative power over local affairs.

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Galati County

Galati is a county (judet) of Romania, in Moldavia region, with the capital city at Galati.

History

Historically Galati is part of Moldavia. In 1858, it was represented by Alexandru Ioan Cuza at the ad hoc Divan at Iasi, in the wake of the Crimean War. Prior to 1938 what is now eastern Galati was the separate county of Covurlui (Judetul Covurlui). From 1938 to 1945 Galati was part of Tinutul Dunarii (Megacounty Dunarii).


Demographics

In 2002, it had a population of 619,556 and the population density was 139/km².

Romanians - over 98%
Russians, Ukrainians and Rromas.

Year County population
1948 341,797
1956 396,138
1966 474,279
1977 581,561
1992 641,011
2002 619,556

Geography

This county has a total area of 4,466 km².

The county lies on a low plain, between the Prut River in the East, the Siret River in the West and South-West. They both flow into the Danube which forms the border with Tulcea County in the South-East.

Neighbours

  • Republic of Moldova in the East - Cahul raion.
  • Vrancea County in the West.
  • Vaslui County in the North.
  • Braila County and Tulcea County in the South.

Economy

Due to the relief, the majority of the population in the rural areas work in agriculture. Fishing is another profitable occupation along the Danube and the Siret River. Galati is Romania's second harbour after Constanta, the navigable channel on the Danube allowing the passage of large ships. In Galati there exist the biggest metallurgical complex in Romania - the Mittal-Sidex Complex. Also the second biggest shipyard can be found also at Galati allowing ships up to 55,000 tdw to be built.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Metallurgy - 55% of Romania's steel production.
  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Ship building industry.

The county of Galati is also an important transport hub.


Tourism


The main turistical destinantions are:

  • The city of Galati.
  • The Brates lake.
  • The city of Tecuci.

Administrative divisions

The county has 2 municipalities, 2 towns and 59 communes.

Municipalities

  • Galati (capital city; population: 331,360)
  • Tecuci

Towns

  • Târgu Bujor
  • Beresti

Communes

  • Balabanesti
  • Balasesti
  • Baleni
  • Baneasa
  • Barcea
  • Beresti
  • Beresti-Meria
  • Brahasesti
  • Branistea
  • Buciumeni
  • Cavadinesti
  • Certesti
  • Corni
  • Corod
  • Cosmesti
  • Costache Negri
  • Cuca
  • Cudalbi
  • Cuza Voda
  • Draganesti
  • Draguseni
  • Fârtanesti
  • Foltesti
  • Frumusita
  • Fundeni
  • Ghidigeni
  • Gohor
  • Grivita
  • Independenta
  • Ivesti
  • Jorasti
  • Liesti
  • Mastacani
  • Matca
  • Movileni
  • Munteni
  • Namoloasa
  • Negrilesti
  • Nicoresti
  • Oancea
  • Pechea
  • Piscu
  • Poiana
  • Priponesti
  • Radesti
  • Rediu
  • Scânteiesti
  • Schela
  • Sendreni
  • Slobozia Conachi
  • Smârdan
  • Smulti
  • Suceveni
  • Tepu
  • Tudor Vladimirescu
  • Tulucesti
  • Umbraresti
  • Valea Marului
  • Vânatori
  • Vârlezi
  • Vladesti