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Romania is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit. Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean), responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed by the central government but cannot be a member of any political party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:

Arges
Timis
Tulcea
Dolj
Vaslui
Vâlcea
Vrancea
 
Caras-Severin

Alongside the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union, but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes. The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them greater administrative power over local affairs.

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Dolj County

Dolj of Romania, in Oltenia, with the capital city at Craiova (population: 314,437).


Demographics

In 2002, it had a population of 734,231 and a population density of 99/km².

Romanians - over 96%
Rromas (Gypsies) - 3%
Serbians and Bulgarians almost 1%.

Year County population
1948 615,301
1956 642,028
1966 691,116
1977 750,328
1992 762,142
2002 734,231

Geography

This county has a total area of 7,414 km².

The entire area is flat, a plain with the Danube on the South forming a wide valley, and crossed by the Jiu River in the middle. Also other small rivers flow, each one forming ints small valley. There are some lakes across the county and many ponds and channel on the Danube valley. 6% of the county's area is a desert.

Neighbours

  • Olt County to the East.
  • Mehedinti County to the West.
  • Gorj County and Vâlcea County to the North.
  • Bulgaria to the South - Vidin Province, Montana Province and Vratsa Province.

Economy

Agriculture is the county's main industry. The county has a land that is ideal for growing cereals, vegetables and wines. All other industries are mainly located in the city of Craiova, the largest city in southwestern Romania.

The county's main industries:

  • Automotive industry - Daewoo had a factory. The Romanian government will acquire Daewoo's 51% share at the end of August 2006, with plans to resell it.
  • General Motors and Renault are among those who have have expressed interest in the factory.
  • Heavy electrical and transport equipment - Electroputere Craiova is the largest factory plant in Romania.
  • Aeronautics
  • Chemicals processing
  • Foods and beverages
  • Textiles
  • Mechanical parts and components

    There are two small ports on the shore of the Danube river - Bechet and Calafat.

People

  • Corneliu Baba
  • Nicolae Vasilescu-Karpen
  • Alexandru Macedonski
  • Titu Maiorescu
  • Amza Pellea
  • Francisc Sirato
  • Marin Sorescu
  • Nicolae Titulescu
  • Ion Tuculescu
  • Mihai Viteazul


Tourism


Major tourist attractions:

  • The city of Craiova;
  • The city of Calafat;
  • Fishing on the Danube;
  • The city of Bailesti.

Administrative divisions

The county has 3 municipalities, 4 towns and 104 communes.

Municipalities

  • Craiova
  • Bailesti
  • Calafat

Towns

  • Bechet
  • Dabuleni
  • Filiasi
  • Segarcea

Communes

  • Afumati
  • Almaj
  • Amarastii de Jos
  • Amarastii de Sus
  • Apele Vii
  • Argetoaia
  • Bârca
  • Bistret
  • Botosesti-Paia
  • Brabova
  • Bradesti
  • Bralostita
  • Bratovoesti
  • Breasta
  • Bucovat
  • Bulzesti
  • Calarasi
  • Calopar
  • Caraula
  • Cârcea
  • Cârna
  • Carpen
  • Castranova
  • Catane
  • Celaru
  • Cerat
  • Cernatesti
  • Cetate
  • Cioroiasi
  • Ciupercenii Noi
  • Cosoveni
  • Cotofenii din Dos
  • Cotofenii din Fata
  • Daneti
  • Desa
  • Diosti
  • Dobresti
  • Dobrotesti
  • Dragotesti
  • Dranic
  • Farcas
  • Galicea Mare
  • Galiciuica
  • Gângiova
  • Ghercesti
  • Ghidici
  • Ghindeni
  • Gighera
  • Giubega
  • Giurgita
  • Gogosu
  • Goicea
  • Goiesti
  • Grecesti
  • Întorsura
  • Isalnita
  • Izvoare
  • Leu
  • Lipovu
  • Macesu de Jos
  • Macesu de Sus
  • Maglavit
  • Malu Mare
  • Mârsani
  • Melinesti
  • Mischii
  • Motatei
  • Murgasi
  • Negoi
  • Orodel
  • Ostroveni
  • Perisor
  • Pielesti
  • Piscu Vechi
  • Plenita
  • Plesoi
  • Podari
  • Poiana Mare
  • Predesti
  • Radovan
  • Rast
  • Robanesti
  • Rojiste
  • Sadova
  • Salcuta
  • Scaesti
  • Seaca de Câmp
  • Seaca de Padure
  • Secu
  • Silistea Crucii
  • Simnicu de Sus
  • Sopot
  • Talpas
  • Teasc
  • Terpezita
  • Teslui
  • Tuglui
  • Unirea
  • Urzicuta
  • Valea Stanciului
  • Vârtop
  • Vârvoru de Jos
  • Vela
  • Verbita