is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Dolj of Romania, in Oltenia, with the capital
city at Craiova (population: 314,437).
In 2002, it had a population of 734,231 and
a population density of 99/km².
Romanians - over 96%
Rromas (Gypsies) - 3%
Serbians and Bulgarians almost 1%.
This county has a total area of 7,414 km².
The entire area is flat, a plain with the
Danube on the South forming a wide valley, and crossed by the Jiu
River in the middle. Also other small rivers flow, each one forming
ints small valley. There are some lakes across the county and many
ponds and channel on the Danube valley. 6% of the county's area
is a desert.
- Olt County to the East.
- Mehedinti County to the West.
- Gorj County and Vâlcea County to the
- Bulgaria to the South - Vidin Province,
Montana Province and Vratsa Province.
Agriculture is the county's main industry. The
county has a land that is ideal for growing cereals, vegetables
and wines. All other industries are mainly located in the city of
Craiova, the largest city in southwestern Romania.
The county's main industries:
- Automotive industry - Daewoo had a factory.
The Romanian government will acquire Daewoo's 51% share at the
end of August 2006, with plans to resell it.
- General Motors and Renault are among those
who have have expressed interest in the factory.
- Heavy electrical and transport equipment -
Electroputere Craiova is the largest factory plant in Romania.
- Chemicals processing
- Foods and beverages
- Mechanical parts and components
There are two small ports on the shore of the Danube river - Bechet
Major tourist attractions:
- The city of Craiova;
- The city of Calafat;
- Fishing on the Danube;
- The city of Bailesti.
The county has 3 municipalities, 4 towns and 104 communes.
- Amarastii de Jos
- Amarastii de Sus
- Apele Vii
- Ciupercenii Noi
- Cotofenii din Dos
- Cotofenii din Fata
- Galicea Mare
- Macesu de Jos
- Macesu de Sus
- Malu Mare
- Piscu Vechi
- Poiana Mare
- Seaca de Câmp
- Seaca de Padure
- Silistea Crucii
- Simnicu de Sus
- Valea Stanciului
- Vârvoru de Jos