is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Covasna is a county (judet) of Romania, in Transylvania,
with the capital city at Sfântu Gheorghe.
In 2002, it had a population of 222,449 and the population density
Hungarians - 73.79% (or 164,158)
Romanians - 23.28% (or 51,790)
Romas - 2.68% (or 5,973)
Covasna County has the second-greatest percentage of Hungarian population
in Romania, just behind the neighboring county of Harghita. The
Hungarians of Covasna are primarily Szeklers
Covasna county has a total area of 3,710 km².
The main part of the relief consists of
mountains from the Eastern Carpathians group. Most localities can
be found in the valleys and depressions located along the different
rivers crossing the county. The main river is the Olt River; along
its banks lies the capital city Sfântu Gheorghe.
- Vrancea County and Bacau County in the East.
- Brasov County in the West.
- Harghita County in the North.
- Buzau County in the South.
Covasna County has been one of the preferred counties
for foreign investments, mainly by Hungarian investors, due to the
The predominant industries in the county are:
- electrical components
- food and beverages
The main tourist destinations in the county are:
- The city of Sfântu Gheorghe.
- The resorts in the mountains around:
- Baile Fortyogo.
- The mountains:
- Baraolt Mountains.
- Bodoc Mountains.
- Nemira Mountains.
- Întorsura Buzaului Mountains.
The county has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 40 communes. (Hungarian
names in parentheses)
- Sfântu Gheorghe (Sepsiszentgyörgy)
- capital city; population: 61,543
- Târgu Secuiesc (Kézdivásárhely)
- Covasna (Kovászna)
- Baraolt (Barót)
- Întorsura Buzaului (Bodzaforduló)
- Aita Mare (Nagyajta)
- Arcus (Árkos)
- Barcani (Zágonbarkány)
- Batani (Nagybacon)
- Belin (Bölön)
- Bixad (Sepsibükszád)
- Bodoc (Sepsibodok)
- Borosneu Mare (Nagyborosnyó)
- Bradut (Bardóc)
- Brates (Barátos)
- Bretcu (Bereck)
- Catalina (Szentkatolna)
- Cernat (Csernáton)
- Chichis (Kökös)
- Comandau (Kommandó)
- Dalnic (Dálnok)
- Dobârlau (Dobolló)
- Estelnic (Esztelnek)
- Ghelinta (Gelence)
- Ghidfalau (Gidófalva)
- Haghig (Hidvég)
- Ilieni (Illyefalva)
- Lemnia (Lemhény)
- Malnas (Málnás)
- Mereni (Kézdialmás)
- Micfalau (Mikóújfalu)
- Moacsa (Maksa)
- Ojdula (Ozsdola)
- Ozun (Uzon)
- Poian (Kézdiszentkereszt)
- Reci (Réty)
- Sânzieni (Kézdiszentlélek)
- Sita Buzaului (Szitabodza)
- Turia (Torja)
- Vâlcele (Elopatak)
- Valea Crisului (Sepsikoröspatak)
- Valea Mare (Nagypatak)
- Vârghis (Vargyas)
- Zabala (Zabola)
- Zagon (Zágon)