is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Constanta is a county (judet) of Romania, in Dobruja,
with the capital city at Constanta.
In 2002, it had a population of 715,151 and the population density
was 101/km². The degree of urbanization is much higher (about
75%) than the Romanian average. In recent years the population trend
The majority of the population are Romanians.
There are important communities of Turks and Tatars, remnants of
the time of the Ottoman rule. Currently the region is the centre
of the Muslim minority in Romania. A great number of Aromanians
have migrated to Dobruja in the last century and they consider themselves
a cultural minority rather than an ethnic minority. There are also
The county has a total area of 7,071 km².
Much of the territory of Constanta county comprises
a low-lying plateau with a continental semi-arid climate. The Black
Sea coast - stretching about 120 km (75 miles) - has a maritime
climate with less contrasts than the interior. The average January
temperature in Constanta county is 0°C (32°F), while the
average July temperature reaches 23°C (75°F).
In the northeastern part of the county there
is a lagoon, the Sinoe Lake. On the eastern side of the county flows
- Black Sea to the east
- Calarasi County and Ialomita County to the
- Tulcea County and Braila County to the north
- Bulgaria (Dobrich Province and Silistra
Province) to the south
County's main industries are:
- Chemical and petrochemical industry
- Food and beverages industry
- Textile industry
- Ship building industry
- Construction materials
- Mechanical components industry
- Paper industry
Agriculture is an important part in the county's
economy, with Constanta being the county with the largest irrigations
systems in the country (more than 4,300 km² before 1989, now
greatly reduced), cereals being the most important products. Also,
the county is famous for its wines from the Murfatlar region.
At Cernavoda there is a nuclear power plant with
one reactor - CANDU type of Canadian design. It covers over 10%
of the country's power demand.
The Constanta Harbour is the largest port
in Romania and one of the most important on the Black Sea. It is
linked with the Danube by the Danube-Black Sea Canal - the widest
and deepest navigable channel in Europe, although not used to its
The Black Sea littoral is the preferred destination for the summer
holidays in Romania. The resorts are:
- Eforie (North and South)
- Cap Aurora
- 2 Mai
- Vama Veche
Also worth visiting are:
city of Constanta
mausoleum from Adamclisi
The county has 3 municipalities, 8 towns and 52 communes.
- Negru Voda