is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Cluj (Hungarian: Kolozs); is a county (judet)
of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Cluj-Napoca.
In 2002, it had a population of 702,755 and a population density
Romanians - 79.4%
Hungarians - 17.4%
Roma - 2.8%
This county has a total area of 6,674 km². About 1/3 of this
surface are mountains -- the Apuseni Mountains, with heights up
to 1800 m and located in the Southwest part of the county. The rest
of the surface is the North side of the Transylvanian Plateau, a
hilly region with deep and wide valleys.
The main rivers in the county are Somesul
Mic, Aries, and Crisul Repede.
- Bihor County to the West.
- Mures County and Bistrita-Nasaud County to
- Salaj County and Maramures County to the North.
- Alba County to the South.
Cluj County has one of the most dynamic economies in Romania. It
is a region with one of the highest ratings of foreign investments.
In addition, Cluj-Napoca is home to one of Romania's important IT
and financial services centers.
County's main industries are:
- Mechanical components;
- Wood processing;
- Glass manufacturing;
- Pharmaceutics and cosmetics;
- Food stuffs processing;
and natural gas extraction are also developed.
The main tourist destinantion:
- The city of Cluj-Napoca.
- The Apuseni Mountains especially the caves
Pestera Mare, Pestera Piatra
- Ponorului, Pestera Vârfurosu.
- The historical centers of Turda, Dej, Gherla,
- The winter resort of Baisoara
- The lakes of Belis and Tarnita
Babes-Bolyai University http://www.ubbcluj.ro/
Technical University http://www.utcluj.ro
University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Iuliu Hatieganu"
The county has 5 municipalities, one town and 75 communes.
- Câmpia Turzii