is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Caras Severin County
Caras-Severin Serbian and Croatian: Karaš-Severin;
Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény, Bulgarian:is a county
(judet) of Romania, in historical region Banat, with the county
seat at Resita.
The county is part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa euroregion.
In 2002, it had a population of 333,219 and a
population density of 39/km².
The majority of the population (88.24%)
are Romanians. There are also Roma (2.37%), Croats (1.88%), Germans
(1.84%), Serbs (1.82%), Hungarians (1.74%) and Ukrainians (1.05%).
With 8,514 km², it is the third largest county in Romania,
after Suceava and Timis counties. It is also the county through
which the Danube River enters Romania.
The mountains make up 67% of the county's surface,
including the Southern Carpathians range, with Banat Mountains,
Tarcu-Godeanu Mountains and Cernei Mountains and elevations between
600 and 2100 m. Transition hills between mountains and the Banat
Plain lie in the western side of the ocunty.
The Danube enters Romania in the vicinity
of Bazias, bordering Serbia. Timis, Cerna, Caras and Nera cross
the county, some of them through spectacular valleys and gorges.
- Hunedoara County and Gorj County to the east.
- Timis County to the north.
- Mehedinti County to the southeast.
- Serbia to the southwest:
- Vojvodina Autonomous Province to the west - South Banat okrug.
- Bor District and Branicevo District to the south.
In 1718 the county was part of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria,
in its province named Banat. The county seat, Resita, was founded
in 1771 and became a modern industrial center during the Austrian
occupation. The area received considerable attention due to its
mines industry. In 1855, the entire Banat area, with its supplies
of mineral deposits and timber, was transferred from the Austrian
Treasury to an Austrian and French mining and railroad company named
STEG. STEG built the Oravita-Bazias line -- Romania's oldest railroad
track. After World War I, STEG, Banat and most of Austro-Hungarian
property were taken over by a company named UDR. The arrival of
the communist regime in Romania after WWII and that regime's campaign
of nationalization of the mining industry brought tremendous social
upheaval in the area.
Archaeological findings show the area has been populated since Paleolithic
times. There is a County Museum of History in Resita, displaying
archeological artifacts, and, in the town of Ocna de Fier, the Constantin
Gruiescu Mineralogical Collection. The county hosts the regional
daffodil and lilac festivals in the Spring. Sites worth visiting:
- Cheile Nerei - Beusinta National Park;
- Semenic - Cheile Carasului National Park;
- Domogled - Valea Cernei National Park;
- Danube Iron Gate National Park;
- Semenic resort;
- Baile Herculane resort.
President of County Council - Iosif Secasan Democratic
Vicepresidents - Horia Irimia, National Liberal Party and Tilica
The county has 2 municipalities, 6 towns, and 69 communes..
- Baile Herculane
- Moldova Noua
- Otelu Rosu