is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Brasov Hungarian: Brassó) is a county (judet)
of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Brasov. The
county incorporates within its boundaries most of the Medieval "lands"
(tari) Burzenland and Fagaras Land.
In 2002, it had a population of 589,028 and the population density
Romanians - 87.28%
Hungarians - 8.65%
Romas - 3.10%
Ethnic Germans - 0.75%
Traditionally the Romanian population was concentrated in the West
and South-West of the County, the Hungarians are in the East part
of the county, and the Germans were in the North and around Brasov
The county has a total area of 5,363 km².
The South side comprises the Carpathian Mountains
(Southern Carpathians and Eastern Carpathians) with Fagaras Mountains,
Bucegi Mountains, Piatra Mare Mountains, Piatra Craiului Mountains
and Postavaru Mountains. In the east side there is the Brasov Depression,
and in the west side there is the Olt River valley. Between them
there are the Persani Mountains.
The North and West side of the county is crossed
by the Olt River.
Covasna County in the East.
County in the West.
County and Harghita County in the North.
County, Dâmbovita County and Prahova County in the South.
Brasov is one of the most prosperous regions of Romania and has
a tradition in industry. During WWII, IAR 80 and towards the end
of the war Bf109, fighter aircraft were built in Brasov. During
the communist period it was heavily industrialised, and its heritage
were some very large industrial complexes. Some of them managed
to survive and adapt to the capitalist type market economy, some
of them didn't, leaving behind them a high rate of unemployement.
Due to new investments, mainly foreign ones, the economy managed
to partially recover.
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Mechanical and automotive industry.
- Chemical industry.
- Construction materials.
- Food industry.
Brasov contains some of the most attractive tourist destinations
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
- The city of Brasov.
- Poiana Brasov mountain resort.
- Predeal mountain resort.
- Bran with its castle often referred to as Dracula's
- The Fagaras Mountains.
- The medieval fortresses of Fagaras and Râsnov.
- The Fortified churches from the Saxon villages
in the Burzenland area.
The county has 4 municipalities, 6 towns and 47 communes.
- Brasov (Brassó, Kronstadt)
- Fagaras (Fogaras)
- Codlea (Feketehalom)
- Sacele (Hétfalu)
- Ghimbav (Vidombák)
- Râsnov (Barcarozsnyó)
- Rupea (Kohalom)
- Sânpetru - site of a famous fossil bed
found in the 19th century
- Zarnesti (Zernyest)