is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
Bihor is a county (judet) of Romania, in Crisana,
with capital city at Oradea.
In 2002, Bihor had a population of 600,223 and the population density
was 79.56/km². 48.6% of its population lives in urban areas,
lower than the Romanian average.
- Romanians - 67.40%
- Hungarians - 25.91%
- Roma - 5.00%
- Slovaks - 1.22%
- Germans - 0.19%
- Christian - 99.6% :
- Orthodox - 59.7%
- Catholic - 11.5% (Roman-Catholic - 9.2%; Greek-Catholic
- Protestant - 28.4% (Reformed - 15.3%; Pentecostal
- 5.7%; Baptist - 3.7%;
- Adventist - 2.9%; Lutheran - 0.6%; Christian
Church and Churches of Christ - 0.2%)
- Atheist - 0.3%
- Jewish - 0.03% and Muslim - 0.03%
This county has a total area of 7,544 km².
In the East side of the County there are the Apuseni
Mountains with heights up to 1800 m. The heights decrease westwards,
passing through the hills an ending in the Romanian Western Plain
- the eastern side of the Pannonian plain.
The county is mainly the Cris hydrographic
basine with the rivers Crisul Repede, Crisul Negru and Barcau the
Salaj County, Cluj County and Alba County in the East.
in the West - Hajdú-Bihar County.
Mare County in the North.
County in the South.
Bihor is one of the wealthiest counties in Romania, with a GDP per
capita well above the national average. Recently, the economy has
been driven by a number of construction projects. Bihor has the
lowest unemployment rate in Romania and among the lowest in Europe,
with only 2.4% unemployment, compared to Romania's average of 5.1%.
In 2003, 25.1% of the population lived below the national poverty
line, a figure which is improving and is set to reach 20% in 2005.
The predominant industries in the county are:
and beverages industry.
In the west side of the county there are mines
for extracting coal and bauxite. Also crude oil is being extracted
The main tourist destinations are:
city of Oradea.
- The Stâna de Vale Resort and the Iada valley.
- The Caves around Padis and on the Sighistel River Valley.
- The Bear's Cave.
The county has 4 municipalities, 6 towns and 90 communes.
- Valea lui Mihai