is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
is a county (judet) of Romania, in Moldavia, with its capital city
In 2002, it had a population of 706,623 and the population density
ethnic breakdown was as follows:
- over 90%
to the 2002 census the Csángó (Romanian: Ceangai)
Hungarians number 5,100 people (0.7%). Some estimates put the total
number of Csángós at around 70,000.
This county has a total area of 6,621 km².
The West side of the county are mountains from
the Eastern Carpathian group. Here, along the valleys of the Oituz
River and Trotus River there are two important links between Moldavia
and Transylvania. To the East side, the heights decrease and the
lowest point can be found on the Siret River valley which crosses
the county from North to South in the middle. On the East side there
is the Moldavian Plateau crossed by many small rivers.
Vaslui County in the East.
County and Covasna County in the West.
County in the North.
County in the South.
The county of Bacau was one of the most industrialized regions in
the communist period and it remained Moldavia's most important industrial
center ever since. There are two large oil refineries at Onesti
and Darmanesti. Following the collapse of the communist regime,
Bacau continued to be the region's most important GDP supplier,
but the county became more famous for the controversial figures
involved in local economy than for its performance.
The predominant industries in the county are:
chemical and oil industry.
and paper industry.
In Bacau county there are important reserves of
oil and salt. Also coal is exploited
The main tourist destinations are:
- The cities of Bacau and Onesti.
- The resorts:
- Slanic Moldova
- Poiana Sarata
- Târgu Ocna
- Poiana Uzului
- The Nemira Mountains.
- Tristan Tzara
- Nadia Comaneci
- Vasile Alecsandri
- George Bacovia
- Radu Beligan
- Alexandru Piru
- Ion Rotaru
- Gabriela Adamesteanu
- Gabriela Vrânceanu-Firea
- Cristina Popescu
- Raluca Belciu
TThe county has 3 municipalities, 5 towns and 80 communes.
- Târgu Ocna
- Slanic Moldova
- Dealu Morii
- Gura Vaii
- Izvoru Berheciului
- Letea Veche
- Manastirea Casin
- Nicolae Balcescu
- Podu Turcului
- Stefan cel Mare
- Târgu Trotus
- Valea Seaca
Bacau became famous after electing Ilie Ilascu of the Greater Romania
Party as their Senator, while he was held in prison in Transnistria.